October - Professor James Y. Stern has been invited to present a paper at the second annual Tulane Property Workshop.
September - Professor Tara Grove was named to the committee to select the Best Untenured Federal Courts Article of 2016, an award sponsored by the AALS Federal Courts Section.
September - Professor James Dwyer was appointed as Reporter of Decisions for the Virginia Court of Appeals. The position entails providing input to the judges on civil cases before the decisions are finalized, as well as keeping the judges abreast of developments in family law in other states.
Fall - Professor Darian M. Ibrahim will present at a symposium on law and entrepreneurship sponsored by the North Carolina Law Review.
August 11-12 - Professor Laura A. Heymann presented “Naming and (Re)Claiming” at the Sixteenth Annual Intellectual Property Scholars Conference, held at Stanford Law School.
August - Professor Linda A. Malone's article “Maturing Justice: Integrating the Convention on the Rights of the Child into the Judgments and Processes of the International Criminal Court” was published in Athe Georgia Journal of International and Comparative Law. Read the article.
July 26 - Professor Linda A. Malone presented her article “The Death Knell for the Death Penalty and the Significance of Global Realism to Its Abolition from Glossip v. Gloss to Brumfield v. Cain,” 11 Duke J. Const. L. & Pol. 75 (2016), at the annual meetingof the International Society for the Reform of Criminal Law in Halifax. Read the article.
July 11-14 - Professor Patricia Roberts was a panelist and moderator for the opening session, “Income Inequality and the Challenges of Achieving Justice for All,” at the Ninth Circuit Judicial Conference, held in Big Sky, Montana. She also co-led one of the panel’s bench-bar breakout sessions, titled “Understanding Barriers to the Civil Justice System: Economic Disparity and What Role Courts Can Play to Address It.”
July 11 - Professor Nancy Combs presented her paper “The Evolving Epistemic Critique of International Criminal Law” at the CrimFest Conference, hosted by Cardozo Law School.
June 24 - Professor Allison Orr Larsen spoke about judicial fact-finding to state solicitor generals at the 2016 State Solicitors General and Appellate Chiefs Conference. She will conduct comparative research on fact-finding as a visiting scholar at the University of Oxford in the fall.
June 21 - Professor Fredric Lederer co-presented a program on court and courtroom technology, virtual reality, and court records at a conference titled “Modernising Justice 2016,” held in London.
June 20 - Professor Linda A. Malone presented “Reconciling the Antarctica Treaty Regime with the UN Law of the Sea Convention” at the annual meeting of the World Conservation Union’s Academy of Environmental Law, held in Oslo.
June 9-10: Professor Laura A. Heymann was an invited participant in the Eighth Trademark Scholars Roundtable, held at Boston University Law School.
June 9-10 - Professor Nancy Combs presented a paper titled “The Evolving Epistemic Critique of International Criminal Law” at a conference titled “Doing Justice to Truth: Taking Stock of the Epistemic Critique of International Criminal Tribunals,” hosted by the University of Copenhagen.
June 9-10 - Professor Sarah R. Wasserman Rajec moderated a panel on ‘Standards for Evidence on Patent Damages” at a conference on patent damages, held at the University of Texas School of Law.
June 7 - The Election Law Program, a joint project of the Law School and the National Center for State Courts, launched the "State Election Law eBenchbook" website. Professor Rebecca Green serves as the project's co-director. Read the story.
June 3 - Professor James Y. Stern, who clerked for Justice Anthony Kennedy, led a tour of the U.S. Supreme Court and provided insights on his experience as a clerk and the workings of the Court as part of "William & Mary Weekend" in Washington, D.C.
June 1 - Professor Christie S. Warren has been named the 2016 – 2017 Fulbright-Schuman Distinguished Chair at the European University Institute in Florence, Italy.
June - Professor Fredric I. Lederer accepted an invitation to speak in London in June at a conference on court modernization.
June - Professor Paul Marcus spoke to the law faculty of Universidad Carlos III de Madrid on “The U.S. Election and Its Impact on the American Justice System.” While in Spain, he met with members of the Aspen Institute España and toured the law faculty facility of the Instituto de Empresa in Segovia. His article “The United States Supreme Court (Mostly) Gives Up Its Review Role with Ineffective Assistance of Counsel Cases,” was recently published in the Minnesota Law Review, and his second edition of The Rights of the Accused Under the Sixth Amendment (with David Duncan, Tommy Miller, and Joelle Moreno) was recently released.
May 20-21 - Professor Eric Kades chaired a panel on taxation and inequality at the annual meeting of the American Law & Economics Association, held at Harvard Law School, and presented his article “Corrective Progressivity” at the conference.
May 20-21 - Professor Jeffrey Bellin organized the third annual Neighborhood Criminal Justice Roundtable, held at the Law School, during which criminal law scholars gathered to discuss their research. Previous Roundtables were held at UVA and Duke. Professors Adam Gershowitz and Cynthia Ward also participated.
May 20 - Professor Evan J. Criddle and Professor Nancy Combs hosted leading experts from around the country for a workshop on cutting-edge issues in international law. Other participating scholars included Kristina Daugirdas (University of Michigan Law School), Margaret deGuzman (Temple University Beasley School of Law), Laura Dickinson (George Washington University Law School), Mark Drumbl (Washington & Lee University School of Law), Jean Galbraith (University of Pennsylvania Law School), and Alexander Greenawalt (Pace University Elizabeth Haub School of Law). Read the story.
May 20 - Professor Fredric I. Lederer conducted a remote presentation of the Courtroom to the Chief Justice of Zambia, the Chief Judge of Zambia’s Constitutional Court, and other judges.
May 16-18 - Professor Paul Marcus attended the annual meeting of the American Law Institute, held in Washington, D.C., as well as the meeting of the Executive Committee of the Association of American Law Schools. The fifth edition of Paul’s book The Entrapment Defense, was recently published by Lexis.
May 16-18 - Professor Aaron Bruhl attended the annual meeting of the American Law Institute in Washington, D.C.
May 11 - Professor David E. Boelzner was the after-dinner speaker at the May meeting of the Williamsburg-Yorktown Council of the Navy League. He spoke about the work of the Puller Veterans Benefits Clinic and fielded a number of questions from the audience. The Navy League is the civilian support arm of the U.S. Navy, the U.S. Marine Corps, the U.S. Coast Guard, and the Merchant Marine.
May 9 - Professor Emeritus Trotter Hardy was quoted in a U.S. News article on the copyright law implications of an individual’s leaking of detailed plot descriptions of future episodes of “Game of Thrones” in Spanish-language videos posted to YouTube. Read the story.
May 4 - Professor Fredric I. Lederer presented the 10th George S. Prugh Lecture on Military Legal History to faculty, staff and students at the U.S. Army's Judge Advocate General's Legal Center and School in Charlottesville, Va. The lecture is named in honor of Army Major General George S. Prugh (1920-2006). Read the story. The lecture will be published in a forthcoming issue of Military Law Review.
May - Professor Neal E. Devins’s article “Rethinking Judicial Minimalism: Abortion Politics, Party Polarization, and the Consequences of Returning the Constitution to Elected Government” (SSRN) was published in the Vanderbilt Law Review’s symposium issue on Erwin Chemerinsky’s The Case Against the Supreme Court.
May - Professor Michael Steven Green’s book chapter on Andrei Marmor’s reading of Kelsen (SSRN) was published in D.A. Jeremy Telman’s edited volume Hans Kelsen in America (Springer Verlag 2016).
May - Professor James Y. Stern's article, "The Positive Law Model of the Fourth Amendment" (with Professor William Baude of the University of Chicago Law School) was published by Harvard Law Review. Read the article.
May - Professor Jennifer S. Stevenson traveled to China and visited the China University of Politics and Law, Beijing Normal University, Beijing Jiaotong University, Hebei University, the University of International Business and Economics, and the University of Electronic Science and Technology.
Summer - Professor Ronald H. Rosenberg taught a course on “American Property Law Concepts and Pedagogy” at Tsinghua University’s graduate school in Beijing. Ron also gave a presentation titled “The Secret Life of the Fifth Amendment’s Takings Clause: Its Use to Invalidate ‘Undesirable’ Government Programs” to the law faculty at Fudan University School of Law in Shanghai.
Summer - Professor Fredric Lederer has accepted an invitation to speak at the 2016 International Judicial Symposium, to be held in Seoul. His proposal to conduct a real-world study of remote legal practice in a small firm was accepted and funded by the “Towards Cyberjustice” project of the University of Montreal.
Summer - Professor David Boelzner’s article “Now Is the Time: Experts vs. the Uninitiated as Future Nominees to the U.S. Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims” (with Bradley W. Hennings and Jennifer Rickman White) was recently published in the Federal Circuit Bar Journal. Professor Boelzner also spoke about Agent Orange claims at the Eighth Annual Veterans’ Legal Assistance Conference and Training, held at the University of Baltimore School of Law on June 3.
Summer - Professor Evan Criddle gave presentations at Duke Law School and participated in two panels at the Law and Society Annual Meeting in early June. Professor Criddle and Professor Nancy Combs also recently hosted an international law workshop at the Law School on May 20, featuring discussion of works in progress by eight scholars.
Summer - Professor Adam M. Gershowitz’s article “The Post-Riley Search Warrant: Search Protocols and Particularity on Cell Phone Searches,” was recently published in the Vanderbilt Law Review (SSRN). His article “Prosecutorial Shaming: Naming Attorneys to Reduce Prosecutorial Misconduct,” 42 U.C. Davis L. Rev. 1059 (2009) (SSRN), was recently cited in the court’s opinion in United States v. Hykes (D.N.M. 2016).
Summer - Professor Patricia Roberts was a member of the Planning Committee for, and a participant in, the ABA’s Military & Veterans Legal Services Network Summit, which is creating a National Military and Veterans Legal Services Network. Patty has also been appointed by President-Elect Linda Klein to the ABA’s Commission on Veterans’ Legal Services. She also presented “Failing Our Veterans: Societal Disconnect and Broken Promises” at the Law & Society Annual Conference in early June.
Summer - Professor Vivian Hamilton worked with advocates and the state legislature to draft a bill raising the minimum age at which young people can marry in Virginia to 18; the bill became law on July 1. She attended the bill’s ceremonial signing by Gov. Terry McAuliffe.
April 26-27 - Professor Paul Marcus gave presentations on criminal procedure at the National Workshop for U.S. District Judges, held in Charleston, South Carolina.
April 22 - David E. Boelzner gave a presentation on “Appeals and Advocacy” at the annual conference of the Virginia Department of Veterans Services .
April 22 - Professors Elizabeth A. Andrews and Roy Hoagland attended the signing ceremony for HB903, which established the new Commonwealth Center for Recurrent Flooding Resiliency, a partnership among ODU, VIMS, and our Virginia Coastal Policy Center. The new Commonwealth Center will serve as a centralized resource for localities and state agencies as they address the challenges posed by recurrent flooding in Virginia.
April 16 - Professor Michael Steven Green participated in the 21st Annual Analytic Legal Philosophy Conference, held at the University of Virginia.
April 15-16 - Professor Laura A. Heymann presented “Naming and (Re)Claiming” at a symposium titled “Intellectual Property in All the New Places,” hosted by Texas A&M University School of Law.
April 15 - Professor Timothy Zick attended the Washington University First Amendment Roundtable, where he presented the Introduction to his new book project, Freedom of Speech and Other Constitutional Rights.
April 14-15 - Professor Patricia Roberts presented on Military Mondays on April 14 at a reception following A Joint Convening of the Muster and the Veteran Jobs Mission, sponsored by Starbucks, the Schultz Family Foundation, and J.P. Morgan Chase in Washington, D.C. She also participated on a panel at the U.S. Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims’ Thirteenth Judicial Conference on April 14-15, where she discussed conflicts of interest.
April 12-15 - Professor Angela M. Banks attended the American Society of International Law’s Annual Meeting as a member of the Society’s Executive Council.
April 7 - Professor Neal Devins' article "Rethinking Judicial Minimalism: Abortion Politics, Party Polarization, and the Consequences of Returning the Constitution to Elected Government" was reviewed on Jotwell.com. Read the review. Read the article.
April 6 - Professor Allison Orr Larsen presented her article “Do Laws Have a Constitutional Shelf Life?” 94 Tex. L. Rev. 59 (2015), at Harvard Law School’s Public Law Workshop.
April 6 - Professor Michael Green gave the inaugural Vienna Lecture on Law and Philosophy, “Monism and the Conflict of Laws,” sponsored by the University of Vienna and Vienna’s Wirtschaftsuniversität.
April 6 - Professor Patricia Roberts spoke about the legal issues in a case study of PTSD at a conference titled "Mission Critical Veterans Health Summit: Addressing the Invisible Wounds of Our Nation’s Veterans," a program of the Gitenstein Institute for Health Law and Policy at Hofstra. While at Hofstra, she consulted with stakeholders about development of their veterans’ law clinic and the start of their own Military Mondays program.
April 5 - Professor Tara Grove presented her paper “When Can a State Sue the United States?” (which will be published in the Cornell Law Review) at the George Washington University Law School. Read the paper. Professor Grove was also invited to participate in the Federal Courts Section panel at the 2017 AALS Annual Meeting. The panel will focus on inter-governmental disputes and justiciability.
April 1 - Professor Adam Gershowitz spoke (remotely) at a symposium held at Wake Forest, and his paper for the symposium, “Consolidating Local Criminal Justice: Should Prosecutors Run the Jails?” will be published in the Wake Forest Law Review.
April - Professor Christie Warren has been named the 2016-2017 Fulbright-Schuman Distinguished Chair at the European University Institute in Florence, Italy. During the next academic year, Professor Warren will be teaching Comparative Constitutional Law and researching improved U.S.-E.U. strategies in post-conflict constitutional processes.
April - Professor Linda A. Malone, at the request of the ABA Center for Human Rights, will represent a human rights lawyer who has been held in Vietnam since December for alleged propaganda against the state. In addition, the report and resolution calling for abolition of the death penalty that Linda prepared for the ABA was adopted by the International Criminal Law Committee and will considered at the ABA’s Annual Meeting in August.
April - Professor Thomas McSweeney's article “Creating a Literature for the King’s Courts in the Later Thirteenth Century: Hengham Magna, Fet Asaver, and Bracton” was published in the Journal of Legal History. Read the article.
April - Professor James Stern presented his article “Intellectual Property and the Myth of Nonrivalry” at American University’s Washington College of Law. The article was also recently selected for presentation this fall at the fourth annual North American Workshop in Private Law Theory.
April - Professor Sarah Rajec’s article “The Intellectual Property Hostage in Trade Retaliation” was accepted for publication in the Maryland Law Review. Professor Rajec presented the article at the University of Michigan Law School’s IP Workshop.
April - Professor Allison Orr Larsen will be a co-author of a new casebook titled Judicial Decision Making with co-authors Tom Clark (Emory), Barry Friedman (NYU), Maggie Lemos (Duke), and Andrew Martin (Michigan). The casebook is a joint enterprise of legal scholars and political scientists that will be used to teach both law school students and undergraduate students.
April - Professor Alan J. Meese’s article “In Praise of All or Nothing Dichotomous Categories: Why Antitrust Law Should Reject the Quick Look,” was published in the Georgetown Law Journal.
March 29-30 - Professor Angela M. Banks presented her research on immigration and citizenship at the Presidential Precinct’s 2016 Global Leadership Forum, held at the University of Virginia and attended by Fulbright Scholars from throughout the United States.
March 11 - Professor Jennifer Franklin presented "Peer Editing on a Large Scale: Protecting Anonymity, Encouraging Class Participation, and Increasing Awareness of Learning Objectives” at the Sixth Annual Capital Area Legal Writing Conference, held at the University of Maryland’s Francis King Carey School of Law.
March 7 - Professor James Stern's article “The Essential Structure of Property Law” was accepted for publication in the Michigan Law Review. The article was also selected for presentation this summer at the annual Federalist Society Junior Scholars Colloquium. Read the article.
March 3 - Professor Evan Criddle participated in a meeting of the International Law Association’s Study Group on United Nations Sanctions, held at the University of Bonn.
March - Professor Fredric Lederer conducted a presentation for a group from Afghanistan. He then addressed remotely about twenty judges in California, including the California Chief Justice, on the subject of “The Future – from a Court Perspective.” With assistance from the Federal Judicial Center and W&M’s Confucius Center, Fred and CLCT conducted CLCT’s annual Laboratory Trial, which this year experimented with remote interpretation of Mandarin, the first complete virtual reality court record, and presentation of evidence to juror tablets.
March - Professor Darian Ibrahim’s article “Delaware’s Familiarity,” 52 San Diego L. Rev. 273 (2015) (with Brian Broughman) was selected for republication in the Corporate Practice Commentator by Robert Thompson (Georgetown).
March - Professor Vivian Hamilton gave a talk titled “Adulthood in Law & Culture” at the University of Georgia School of Law as part of its Faculty Colloquium series. Professor Hamilton also spoke about legal challenges to women’s reproductive rights at the ACLU-VA Annual Meeting and Symposium in Charlottesville, and participated in a panel on Women’s Legal History along with Jayne Barnard and incoming UVA Law School dean Risa Goluboff.
March - Professor Christie Warren served as Chair of the Accreditation Committee evaluating the women’s law school curriculum at Prince Sultan University, the first private university in Saudi Arabia.
Spring - Professors Neal Devins’s article “The Vanishing Common Law Judge,” co-authored with David Klein, will be published in the University of Pennsylvania Law Review. Read the article.
Spring - Professor Jennifer R. Franklin, with help from Josh Bohn ’05, the Law School’s Innocence Project Clinic, her 2015 1L students, and a Richmond practitioner, secured habeas corpus relief for a Virginia inmate who had been denied the effective assistance of trial counsel.
Sping - Professor Aaron Bruhl presented a paper on the rules governing the interpretation of jurisdictional statutes, at a conference at the Cardozo School of Law.
Spring - Professor James Stern's article “Property’s Constitution,” 101 Calif. L. Rev. 227 (2013), will be reprinted in Comparative Property Law, a two-volume collection edited by Antonio Gambaro (University of Milan) and published by Edward Elgar Publishing. Read the article.
Spring - Professor Darian Ibrahim presented his paper “Intrapreneurship” at Cardozo School of Law, and his article “Equity Crowdfunding: A Market for Lemons?,” 100 Minn. L. Rev. 561 (2015), at the University of Pennsylvania Law School.
Spring - Professor Fredric I. Lederer will serve as a pro bono consultant to a Virginia Bar Association Boyd-Graves Conference committee charged with considering statutory changes to permit remote testimony in civil cases.
Spring - Professor Linda Malone served on the selection panels for the best law review articles of 2015 for the Land Use and Environmental Law Review and for the Association of American University Women International Fellowships.
Spring - Professor Tara Grove was invited to a symposium on “Constitutional Silence” that will take place this summer in Dublin, Ireland. The event will be jointly hosted by the Trinity College Dublin School of Law and Boston College Law School.
February 27 - Professor Tara Grove attended the Federalist Society’s National Student Symposium at the University of Virginia School of Law, where she received the Paul M. Bator Award. At the symposium, professor Grove also participated on a panel (with Paul Mahoney and John Duffy) titled “Becoming a Law Professor.”
February 25 - Professor Vivian Hamilton will present at the William & Mary Black Law Students Association's Annual Symposium on Race and the Law titled "Systematic Suppression."
February 19 - Professors Neal Devins, Davison M. Douglas, Tara Grove, Allison Orr Larsen, and Timothy Zick all participated in the William & Mary Law Review's 2017 Symposium, "Judicial Supremacy v. Departmentalism." The event explored the important issues surrounding the ongoing debate over constitutional interpretive authority.
February 19 - Professor Sarah Wasserman Rajec presented her paper “The Intellectual Property Hostage in Trade Retaliation” at the 2016 Works in Progress Intellectual Property Colloquium, hosted by the University of Washington School of Law.
February 11 - Professor Tara Grove participated in a symposium “Is the Rational Basis Test Constitutional?” hosted by the Georgetown University Law Center.
February 10 - Professor Paul Marcus spoke at Catholic University on “Current Issues in U.S. Legal Education.”
February 8 - Professor Alan Meese was recently elected to the Executive Committee of the AALS Section on Antitrust and Economic Regulation.
February 6 - Professor Patricia Roberts accepted the ABA Brown Select Award for the Puller Veterans Benefits Clinic’s Military Mondays project; the award was presented at the ABA’s mid-year meeting in San Diego. Professor Roberts also briefed staffers in D.C. from the offices of Sen. Warner, Sen. Kaine, Sen. Shaheen, Rep. Wittman, and the House Minority Committee on Veterans Affairs, as well as the Military & Veterans Caucus of the Virginia General Assembly about the Puller Clinic.
February 5 - Professor Sarah Wasserman Rajec presented her paper “The Intellectual Property Hostage in Trade Retaliation” at Lewis & Clark Law School’s “IP in the Trees” lecture series.
February - Professor Crystal Shin was appointed to serve as the Virginia Bar Association's Young Lawyers' Division representative to the Commission on the Needs of Children.
February - Professor Christie Warren visited Ukraine to give presentations on draft amendments to the Judicial Branch section of the Constitution to the U.S. and Canadian ambassadors, Ministers of Justice from Ukraine and Lithuania, members of the Ukrainian Parliament and Constitutional Commission, and advisors from the Venice Commission.
February - Professor Nathan Oman signed a contract with the University of Chicago Press for his book The Dignity of Commerce: Markets and the Moral Foundations of Contract Law.
February - Professor Fredric Lederer conducted a courtroom presentation for a large multinational group visiting from the Middle East as part of the State Department's International Visitors Leadership Program.
February - Professor Allison Orr Larsen was selected as a visiting scholar at the University of Oxford for the fall of 2016. Professor Larsen will be working on a comparative article on judicial factfinding.
January-February - Professor Lynda L. Butler’s article “The Governance Function of Constitutional Property,” 48 U.C. Davis L. Rev. 1687 (2015) was highlighted in the January/February issue of Probate and Property, published by the Real Property, Trust & Estate Law Section of the ABA.
January 27 - Professor Vivian Hamilton testified before the House and Senate Committees of the Virginia General Assembly in favor of a bill that would raise the legal age of marriage in Virginia to eighteen.
January 27 - Professor Sarah Rajec spoke on a panel about "Maximizing Market Monetization: How to Build an Enforceable Portfolio to Maximize Licensing Opportunities in View of U.S. Exhaustion" at the American Intellectual Property Law Association's Mid-Winter Institute.
January 26 - Professor Nathan Oman presented his paper "Religion, Doux Commerce, and the Limits of Antidiscrimination Law" at Washington University - St. Louis.
January 19 - Professor Darian Ibrahim published a new paper, "Intrapreneurship," on SSRN. The paper argues that modern corporate law is an important tool for promoting innovation inside our largest corporations.
January 8 - Professor Tara Grove presented her article "When Can a State Sue the United States?," forthcoming in the Cornell Law Review, as part of the Young Legal Scholars' Paper Competition Panel at the Federalist Society's Eighteenth Annual Faculty Conference.
January 7 - Professor Laura Heymann presented “Naming and (Re)Claiming” at the Annual Meeting of the American Name Society, held in conjunction with the Annual Meeting of the Linguistic Society of America.
January 6 - Professor James Dwyer spoke at the annual meeting of the American Philosophical Association - Eastern Division, where he presented a theoretical framework for choosing an appropriate regulatory regime for homeschooling.
January 6 - Professor Aaron Bruhl was elected to the AALS Legislation Section Executive Committee.
January - Professor Alan Meese was elected to the Executive Committee of the AALS Section on Antitrust and Economic Regulation.
January - Professor Nathan Oman co-authored an amicus brief for a dozen law professors in Zubik v. Burwell, a case before the U.S. Supreme Court. The brief argues that regulations requiring the insurance plan created by Little Sisters of the Poor to provide contraception and abortifacients substantially burdens the group's exercise of religion.
January - Professor James Stern presented his working paper "Intellectual Property and the Myth of Nonrivalry" at the Federalist Society's Annual Faculty Conference earlier this month, where he also spoke on a panel about income inequality and rent-seeking.
January - Professor Paul Marcus was unanimously elected to the position of President-Elect of the Association of American Law Schools; he will become President in January 2017.
January - Professor Darian Ibrahim'sarticle, "Equity Crowdfunding: A Market for Lemons?" was published in the Minnesota Law Review. The article explores how raising money for startups has shifted to the Internet, with legal and practical ramifications.
January - Professor Aaron Bruhl 's article "Communicating the Canons: How Lower Courts React When the Supreme Court Changes the Rules of Statutory Interpretation" was published in the Minnesota Law Review.
January - Professor James Stern was invited to present at a conference at the University of Chicago this spring and a conference organized by James Penner at the National University of Singapore this coming summer.
January - Dean Davison M. Douglas has agreed to serve on the Deans Forum Steering Committee of the American Association of Law Schools. His term expires at the end of 2017.