Student Environmental & Animal Law Society

Bylaws

Last revised on March 11, 2014.

Article I: ORGANIZATION NAME AND CODE OF CONDUCT
Section 1: The formal name for this organization is the William & Mary Student Environmental & Animal Law Society (“SEALS”). This organization was formerly known as the Environmental Law Society.

Section 2: These bylaws outline a code of conduct for SEALS at William & Mary Law School.

Section 3: These bylaws will become effective August 1, 2014.

 

Article II: MISSION
Section 1: As concerned citizens of our global community our mission is to: increase awareness and involvement in environmental and animal law issues; promote and contribute to careers, service, and scholarship in environmental and animal law; encourage stewardship in public policy, jurisprudence, and law; provide opportunities for environmental and animal rights advocacy; and improve environmental policies at the College of William & Mary.

 

Article III:  MEMBERSHIP
Section 1: Student Membership
(a): Student membership in SEALS is open to all interested members of the William & Mary undergraduate and graduate student body.
(b): Student members of SEALS must be currently enrolled in the College of William & Mary, or any of its graduate programs, and have submitted a membership information form to SEALS.
(c) Membership may be applied for at any time.

Section 2: Non-Student Membership
(a) Non-student membership in SEALS is open to all interested members of the William & Mary community; including, but not exclusively limited to, faculty, staff, and alumni.
(b) Non-Student members must submit a membership information form to SEALS.
(c) Membership may be applied for at any time.

Section 3: Membership Dues
(a) Dues are a monetary contribution of five dollars, unless otherwise specified by the Executive Board.
(b) Only dues paying members can vote in Officer Election (Article V) and Bylaw Ratification and Amendment (Article VIII).

 

Article IV: OFFICERS
Section 1: SEALS will annually elect an Executive Board.

Section 2: The Executive Board will be comprised of the following officers: President, Vice-President, Animal Law Coordinator, Treasurer, Secretary, Community Service Coordinator, Fundraising Coordinator, Senior Membership Coordinator, Junior Membership Coordinator, and Publicist.

(a) Positions may be filled by more than one person, at the discretion of the Executive Board.

(b) Individuals can hold more than one position, at the discretion of the Executive Board.

(c) The Executive Board can decide to set up committees that will be under the direction of the Coordinators.

Section 3: Officers shall hold office for a term of one year, and shall hold their respective offices until the election and installation of their successors. Officers are expected to attend all meetings and events.

Section 4: All officer vacancies shall be filled through election by the voting members of a temporary officer for the balance of the unexpired term. Any officer may be removed at any time by the affirmative vote of a three-fourths majority of the Executive Board at a special meeting of the Executive Board called for that purpose. Any officer may resign at any time.

Section 5: Each SEALS officer shall have the following job responsibilities:

(a) President

  • Shall preside at all meetings.
  • Shall have general management and control of the business and affairs of SEALS.
  • Shall be an ex-officio member of all committees.
  • Shall, with the assistance of the Executive Board, handle all disagreements between members of SEALS regarding actions of SEALS or its members in an official capacity.
  • Shall be the contact for communication with undergraduate organizations.
  • Shall review plans of Executive Board Coordinators to ensure the completion of goals set out in Article II.
  • Shall perform all other duties incident to the office of President.

(b) Vice-President

  • Shall assume the duties of the President, when the President is unavailable.
  • Shall assist the President in decision making.
  • Shall be the contact for communication with other student organizations.
  • Shall be assigned duties or causes by the President and is responsible for them.

(c) Treasurer

  • Shall have responsibility over all funds, securities, and evidences of debt and other personal property of SEALS and shall deposit the same in such bank or trust in accordance with the policies and regulations of the College of William & Mary.
  • Shall receive and give receipts and acquittances for monies paid on account of SEALS and shall pay out of the funds on hand all bills and other just debts of SEALS.
  • Shall keep and maintain an accurate account of all monies received and paid out by him or her on account of SEALS.
  • Shall be responsible for applying for annual funding from the College of William & Mary through the Student Bar Association.
  • Shall perform all other duties incident to the office of Treasurer.

(d) Secretary

  • Shall keep the minutes of all proceedings of the officers and of the membership body.
  • Shall compile meeting agendas.
  • Shall send regular emails to SEALS membership with meeting agendas and announcements.
  • Shall maintain the SEALS email account and membership list.
  • Shall maintain transition materials of former Executive Board officers.
  • Shall perform all other duties incident to the office of Secretary.

(e) Animal Law Coordinator

  • Shall twice annually create, propose, and execute, subject to the approval of the Executive Board, a “SEALS Animal Law Plan” that will designate the organization’s animal law events and activities for the semester.

(f) Community Service Coordinator

  • Shall twice annually create, propose, and execute, subject to the approval of the Executive Board, a “SEALS Community Service Plan” that will designate the organization’s community service projects, events, and activities for the semester.

(g) Fundraising Coordinator

  • Shall twice annually create, propose, and execute, subject to the approval of the Executive Board, a “SEALS Fundraising Plan” that will designate the organization’s fundraising plans for the semester.

(h) Senior Membership Coordinator

  • Shall twice annually create, propose, and execute, subject to the approval of the Executive Board, a “SEALS Membership Plan” that will designate the organization’s recruitment, retention, and social activities for the semester.
  • Shall be responsible for organizing SEALS’s presence at William & Mary student organization and recruitment events, and specifically student activities fairs.

(i) Junior Membership Coordinator

  • Shall twice annually create, propose, and execute, subject to the approval of the Executive Board, a “SEALS Membership Plan” that will designate the organization’s recruitment, retention, and social activities for the semester.
  • Shall plan a Bar Review once per semester.

(h) Publicist

  • Shall promote and advertise all SEALS meetings, programs, events, and activities to the William & Mary community.
  • Shall promote the organization using, but not limited to, Facebook, website, StudentBar emails, myLaw, flyers, etc.
  • Shall maintain a website.
  • Shall maintain the bulletin board.

Article V:  OFFICER ELECTIONS

Section 1: Dues paying members, outlined in Article III, shall be eligible to vote in the election of the Executive Board.

Section 2: Voting may be conducted in person or online, by either secret ballot or an affirmative showing of hands. The Executive Board will determine which method to use for each vote. The Executive Board will count either ballots or hands to determine the result.

Section 3: Officer Eligibility

(a) Any voting member is eligible to run for an office.

(b) Candidates must be announced at least 5 days before voting closes.

(c) The President shall be a second-year law student.

(d) The Senior Membership Coordinator shall be a second-year law student.

(e) The Junior Membership Coordinator shall be a first-year law student.

Section 4: Election of Executive Board Officers requires a simple majority of voting members present at the time of voting.

Article  VI: MEETINGS

Section 1: Anyone may attend any meeting, except as stipulated by the Executive Board.

Section 2: General meetings will take place regularly.

Section 3: Committee meetings will take place at the discretion of the Coordinator and the committee members, under the direction of the Executive Board.

Section 4: Executive Board meetings will take place regularly.

Section 5: All Executive Board Officers are expected to attend all general meetings and Executive Board meetings.

Article VII: FINANCIAL AFFAIRS

Section 1: Membership dues will be accepted at any time at the discretion of the Executive Board.

Section 2: In the event that financial hardship prevents a member from paying dues the Treasurer and President may determine an alternative method for a member to satisfy their membership requirements.

Article VIII:  BYLAW RATIFICATION AND AMENDMENTS

Section 1: The bylaws of SEALS shall be reviewed by the Executive Board at least annually.

Section 2: Voting members can propose amendments to the bylaws at any time for the consideration of the Executive Board.

Section 3:  The Executive Board will compile all proposed amendments for consideration of the voting members. Bylaws will be sent to all voting members the week before a meeting scheduled for the purpose of amending the bylaws. An amendment must receive at least a two-thirds vote to pass.  An approved amendment will take effect immediately unless noted otherwise.

Section 2: The bylaws can be suspended by a “Motion to Suspend the By-Laws.” This motion must receive at least a two-thirds vote to pass.