Grading and Class Rank Policies
Grades earned are "A+" (4.3 quality points), "A" (4.0), "A-" (3.7), "B+" (3.3), "B" (3.0), "B-" (2.7), "C+" (2.3), "C" (2.0), "C-" (1.7), "D" (1.0) and "F" (0). The Law School has a mandatory grade curve for classes of thirty or more students, unless an exception is granted by the Vice Dean:
B+/B/B-: 60-75% (B+: 25-35%; B: 20-30%; B-: 10-20%)
C+ or lower: 5-15%
Transcripts report GPAs to the nearest hundredth. For class rank purposes, however, official grade point averages are rounded to the nearest tenth. (For example, GPAs falling between 3.05 and 3.14 are rounded to 3.1.) It is therefore important you use official Law School GPAs rounded to the nearest tenth, not the GPA carried to hundredths on transcripts, when evaluating grades.
Students are ranked initially at the conclusion of one full year of legal study. Thereafter, they are ranked at the conclusion of each semester. William & Mary does not have pre-determined GPA cutoffs that correspond to specific ranks. Ranks vary by semester and by 2L and 3L class, depending on the distribution of grades within the curve.
Most ranks are calculated in percentage terms. Individuals with GPAs of 3.6 or higher are assigned a numerical rank. In either case, multiple individuals may share the same rank.